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As the first day of the week varies in different cultures, so does the weekend. The Christian or Western world marks Sunday as their day of rest and worship, while Muslims refer to Friday as their day of rest and prayer. The Jewish calendar counts Saturday – the Sabbath – as the day of rest and worship. The 12 months of the. Herodotus wrote that the ancient Egyptians had gods who ruled over them before the first dynasty of Egypt, but did not attempt to precisely date their creation by using their chronology: Thus far went the record given by the Egyptians and their priests; and they showed me that the time from the first king to that priest of. This is really a tougher question than what it first seems. The problem with written chronological dates is that civilizations had different ways of keeping track of dates and years. Some used a calendar based on the time the current king had been on the throne, others were strictly astronomical, and others still based on.
Dating creation is the attempt to provide an estimate of the age of Earth or the age of the universe as understood through the origin myths of various religious traditions. Various traditional beliefs held that Planet Earthor the entire Universewas continue reading into being in a grand creation event by one or more gods. Once these cultures developed calendarsmany began to ponder the question of precisely how long ago this event happened.
The standard ancient Sumerian King List WB lists various mythical antediluvian kings and gives them reigns of several tens of thousands of years.
The proverb "They were scattered like the people of Saba " refers to that exodus in history. NATO gets involved in Yugoslavia. The theory of relative motion is put forward by Galileo Galilee. For other uses, see Ancient disambiguation and Ancient history disambiguation.
The first Sumerian king Alulimat Eriduis described as reigning for 28, years, followed by several later kings of similar periods. In total these antediluvian kings ruled foryears from the time when "the kingship was lowered from heaven" to the time when "the flood" swept over the land.
A layer of riverine sediments, radiocarbon dated to ca. Polychrome pottery from the Read article Nasr period — BC was discovered immediately below the Shuruppak flood stratum.
The "flood" described in the Sumerian King List, is believed to have a historical basis, and has been dated BC. Instead they believe that these figures were either fabrications, or were based on not literal solar years Ciceroreacting to the chronologies of such authors as Berossos who composed a Greek-language history of Babylonia, known as the Babyloniaca, during the 3rd century BC strongly criticised the claim that the Babylonians had kings going back hundreds of thousands of years:.
Let us scorn the Babylonians Diodorus Siculus also wrote something similar about how he believed the Babylonians fabricated their chronology:. A man can scarcely believe them Babylonians for they reckon that, down to Alexander's crossing over into Asia, it has been four hundred and seventy-three thousand years, since they began in early times to make their observations of the stars.
Despite these criticisms, some ancient Greeks, including What Was The First Date Of The World notably Alexander Polyhistor and Proclusbelieved the Babylonian kings were hundreds of thousands of years old, and that the Babylonians dated their creation ,—, years before their own time. The ancient Turin King List lists a mythical predynastic "reign of the gods" which first occurred 36, years before Menes BCtherefore dating the creation to around 39, BC.
These were the first to hold sway in Egypt. Thereafter, the kingship read article from one to another in unbroken succession After the Gods, Demigods reigned for 1, years; and again another line of kings held sway for 1, years; then came thirty more kings, reigning for 1, years; and then again ten kings ruling for years. There followed the rule of the Spirits of the Dead The ancient Greeks reported similar figures on ancient Egyptian chronology.
Diogenes Laertius recorded that the ancient Egyptians dated their creation to their first god Hephaestuswho by interpretatio graeca was Ptah. Thus far went the record given by the Egyptians and their priests; and they showed me that the time from the first king to that priest of Hephaestus, who was the last, covered three hundred and forty-one generations, and that in this time this also had been the number of their kings, and of their high priests.
Now three hundred generations are ten thousand years, three generations being equal to a hundred. And over and above the three hundred, the remaining forty-one cover thirteen hundred and forty years. Thus the whole period is eleven thousand three hundred and forty years; in all of which time they said they had had no king who was a god in human form, nor had there been any such either before or after those years among the rest of the kings of Egypt Among the Greeks, Heracles, Dionysus, and Pan are held to be the youngest of the gods.
But in Egypt, Pan1 is the most ancient of these and is one of the eight gods who http://hnusta.info/gi/romantic-things-to-talk-about-with-your-girlfriend.php said to be the earliest of all; Heracles belongs to the just click for source dynasty that of the so-called twelve gods What Was The First Date Of The World and Dionysus to the third, which came after the twelve.
How many years there were between Heracles and the reign of Amasis, I have already shown; Pan is said to be earlier still; the years between Dionysus and Amasis are the fewest, and they are reckoned by the Egyptians at fifteen thousand. The Egyptians claim to be sure of all this, since they have reckoned the years and chronicled them in writing. These figures were discussed by Isaac Newton in his The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended but were dismissed as fabrications.
Schwaller de Lubiczhowever, in his work Sacred Sciencereconstructed these dates to conclude that the ancient Egyptians dated their creation to an astronomical stellar event some 30, years before Herodotus ' own time. Apollonius, an Egyptian pagan priest in the 2nd century AD, calculated the cosmos to beyears old as reported by Theophilus of Antioch. Most ancient Greek and Roman chroniclers, What Was The First Date Of The World, grammarians, and scholars EratosthenesVarroApollodorus of AthensOvidCensorinusCatullusand Castor of Rhodes believed in a threefold division of history: The first period stretches from the beginning of mankind the creation to the first cataclysm [i.
The third stretches from the first Olympiad to us. Eratosthenes and Apollodorus of Athenshowever, pushed back the start of the historical period to the Trojan Warwhich they fixed at BC. If the origin of the read more had been known to man, I would have begun there. Varro and Castor of Rhodes also wrote something very similar; however, some ancient Greek and Romans attempted to calculate the date for the creation by using ancient sources or records of mythological figures.
Among the ancient Greek and Roman philosophers there were different opinions and traditions pertaining to the date of the creation. Some philosophers believed the Universe was eternal, and actually had no date of creation. Zoroastrianism involves a 12,year cosmogony and chronology, often divided into four ages as outlined in the Bundahishn.
During the 6,th year, Zoroaster 's Fravashi was created, followed by the prophet Zoroaster himself at the end of the 9th millennium. The 9,th year marked the start of the fourth and last age. Dating precisely the beginning of the start of the 12,th year cosmogony rests solely on the date Zoroaster is estimated to have been born.
A 12, year chronology places the end date at around - AD, which is why modern Zoroastrians believe they are living in the end few hundred years of the final era.
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The Hindu cosmology and timeline is the closest to modern scientific timelines. The Rig Veda questions the origin of the cosmos in:. Neither being sat nor non-being was as yet. And in whose protection? Who can declare it? Whence was it born, and whence came this creation?
The devas were born later than this world's creation, so who knows from where it came into existence? None can know from where creation has arisen, and whether he has or has not produced it. He who surveys it in the highest heavens, he alone knows-or perhaps does not know. Dick Teresi in his book "Lost Discoveries: Twenty-four centuries before Isaac Newton, the Hindu Rig-Veda asserted that gravitation held the universe together.
The Sanskrit speaking Aryans subscribed to the idea of a spherical earth in an era when the Greeks believed in a flat one. The Indians of the fifth century A.
Carl Sagan and Fritjof Capra have pointed out similarities between the latest scientific understanding of the age of the universe and the Hindu concept of a "day and night of Brahma", which is much closer to the current known age of the universe than other creation views.
The days and nights of Brahma posit a view of the universe that is divinely created, and is not strictly evolutionary, but an ongoing cycle of birth, death, and rebirth check this out the universe.
The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths.
It is the only religion in which time scales correspond to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8. The ancient Chinese historian Xu Zheng fl. The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar dates the creation of the world of human beings to 11 August BC in the most commonly accepted correlation according to the proleptic Gregorian calendar see more, or Monday, 6 September BC according to the proleptic Julian calendar.
Within the biblical framework and chronology, various dates have been proposed for the date of creation since ancient times, to more recent periods. The Bible begins with the Book of Genesisin which God creates the Earth, the rest of the Universe, and the Earth's plants and animals, including the first humansin six days.
A second narrative begins with the first human pair, Adam and Eveand goes on to list many of their descendants, in many cases giving the ages at which they had children and died. If these events and ages are interpreted literally throughout and the genealogies are considered closed, it is possible to build up a chronology in which many of the events of the Old Testament are dated to an estimated number of years after creation.
Some scholars have gone further, attempting to harmonise this biblical chronology with that of recorded historythus establishing a date for creation in a modern calendar.
Since the biblical story lacks chronology for some periods, the duration of events has been subject to interpretation in What Was The First Date Of The World different ways, resulting in a continue reading of estimates of the date of creation.
Numerous efforts have been made to determine the biblical date of creation, yielding varying results. Besides differences in interpretation, the use of different versions of the Bible can also affect the result. Two dominant dates for creation using such models exist, about BC and about BC.
These were calculated from the genealogies in two versions of the Bible, with most of the difference arising from two versions of Genesis. The older dates stem from the Greek Septuagint. The net difference between the two genealogies of Genesis amounts to years ignoring the "second year after the flood" ambiguitywhich accounts for virtually all of the year difference between BC and BC. For example, the period from the creation to the Flood derives from the genealogical table of the ten patriarchs listed in Genesis 5and 7: According to the Masoretic Textthis period consists of 1, years, and Western Christian Bibles deriving from the Latin Vulgate also follow this dating.
However, the Samaritan texts give an equivalent period of 1, What Was The First Date Of The World, and according to the Septuagint Codex AlexandrinusElizabeth Bible it is 2, years. Many of the earliest Christians who followed the Septuagint calculated creation around BC, and Christians up to the Middle-Ages continued to use this rough estimate: Bede was one of the first to break away from the standard Septuagint date for the creation and in his work De Temporibus "On Time" completed in AD dated the creation to 18 March BC but was accused of heresy at the table of Bishop Wilfrid, because his chronology was contrary to accepted calculations of around BC.
After go here Masoretic Text was published, however, dating creation around BC became common, and was received with wide support. Among the Masoretic creation estimates or calculations for the date of creation only Archbishop Ussher's specific chronology dating the creation to BC became the most accepted and popular, mainly because this specific date was attached to the King James Bible.
Alfonso X of Castile commissioned the Alfonsine tablescomposed of astronomical data based on observation, from which the date of the creation has been calculated to be either BC or BC. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about religious and traditional beliefs.
Seventeen countries jointly adopted the new currency. Britain abolishes the death penalty for murder. You can never get a solar eclipse when the moon is full! Archived from the original on 30 December The Renaissance was partly caused by the rediscovery of classic antiquity.
For the modern scientific consensus, see Age of the universe and Age of Earth. Genesis creation narrative and Chronology of the Bible. WaddellWilliam Heinemann, London,Introduction pp. The King of Pharaonic Theocracyp. Grant, Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. Essays in Memory of Arnaldo Momigliano London Light from the East: Eastern Wisdom for the Modern West.
Gateways of Knowledge", p. Culture and CustomsJu Brown, p. Three thousand years on the shaman's path New York: